|Annotated Bibliography||Literature Review|
|Purpose||Provides the reader with an ordered list of sources for additional reading. Usually also provides brief explanations of why each source is credible and relevant to the topic.||Provides an overview of a particular topic or problem by summarizing and explaining the most significant sources in the field.|
|Structure||Sources are separated from each other and are arranged alphabetically, so they will be easy to locate.||Sources are integrated into paragraphs based on the progression of the topical overview, and they may be mentioned more than once|
|Components||Each item in the list uses the formal citation style (usually APA, MLA, or Chicago) to cite a single source and includes a short paragraph with a summary explaining its credibility and relevancy.||Uses an introduction to explain the topic, synthesizes sources progressively as the topic is explained through the body, and then concludes by summarizing the overall background presented.|
A literature review is a “critical analysis of a segment of a published body of knowledge through summary, classification, and comparison of prior research studies, reviews of literature, and theoretical articles” (University of Wisconsin Writing Center).
Do not confuse a literature review with an annotated bibliography.