From the first incident of petty theft to modern media piracy, crime and punishment have been a part of every society. However, the structure and values of a particular society shape both the incidences of crime and the punishment of criminals. When the United States became an independent nation, politicians and civilians began the process of deciding which systems of punishment were appropriate for dealing with crime-a process that continues to this day. Crime and Punishment in America examines the development of crime and punishment in the United States-from the criminal justice practices of American Indians and the influence of colonists to the mistreatment of slaves, as well as such current criminal issues as the response to international terrorism.
Organized chronologically, this new volume explores the development of the modern penitentiary system in the United States, the beginnings of the first police force, and the controversy over the use of capital punishment. Each chapter begins with a detailed narrative of the crimes and punishments of a particular period and includes infamous criminal stories, such as the Lizzie Borden case and the rise of the modern-day serial killer. The economic and legal conditions of these crimes are also examined in this in-depth book, as well as the political and civilian responses. Each narrative section is followed by a chronology of events, highlighting important dates in the history of crime and punishment in the United States. Eyewitness testimonies-from Al Capone, Charles Manson, and hundreds more-conclude each chapter, providing firsthand accounts from criminals, victims, prosecutors, politicians, and average citizens. Appendixes provide concise biographies of 149 important individuals, as well as primary source documents, either full text or excerpts; a glossary; maps; graphs and tables; notes; a thorough bibliography; and an index. Approximately 90 black-and-white images of the criminals, crimes, prosecutors, and others affected by crime and punishment complete this fascinating resource.
Police Use of Force: A Global Perspective is a fascinating, international exploration of police use of force, firearms, and less-than-lethal weapons in nations around the world. The book is comprised of three sections: the first focuses on the use of force generally, the second explores firearms and deadly force, and the final section considers less-than-lethal weapons, including pepper spray, TASERs, and other emerging technologies currently on the horizon.
The essays gathered here will provide readers with an understanding of the vast differences in how police use force in various countries, as well as why police use force differently under different forms of government. Topics covered include use-of-force definitions, training procedures, policy issues, abuse of police authority, use of force during interrogations, and the use of firearms by armed and unarmed police forces. Finally, there is an essay focusing on how shooting and killing a suspect impacts an officer in the months and years that follow.
Dr. Lee P. Brown, one of America's most significant and respected law enforcement practitioners, has harnessed his thirty years of experiences in police work and authored Policing in the 21st Century: Community Policing. Written for students, members of the police community, academicians, elected officials and members of the public, this work comes from the perspective of an individual who devoted his life to law enforcement. Dr. Brown began his career as a beat patrolmen who through hard work, diligence and continued education became the senior law enforcement official in three of this nation's largest cities. The book is about Community Policing, the policing style for America in the Twenty-First Century. It not only describes the concept in great detail, but it also illuminates how it evolved, and how it is being implemented in various communities throughout America. There is no other law enforcement official or academician who is as capable as Dr. Brown of masterfully presenting the concept of Community Policing, which he pioneered. As a philosophy, Community Policing encourages law enforcement officials, and the people they are sworn to serve, to cooperatively address issues such as crime, community growth, and societal development. It calls for mutual respect and understanding between the police and the community. The book is written from the perspective of someone whose peers identify as the ?father? of Community Policing, and who personally implemented it in Police Departments under his command. It is a thoroughly amazing book that has been heralded as a ?must read? for anyone who has an interest in law enforcement. Elected officials, academicians, leaders of the nation's police agencies and members of the public will be captivated by Dr. Brown's literary contribution.
In some parts of the world, race is a key social variable in criminological debates on crime and criminal justice practice. Yet, little has been studied regarding the issues of race and crime internationally. This collection fills that gap, drawing upon perspectives from 13 countries across 4 continents to provide a comparative assessment on the influence of human variations on crime discourses, offending, experiences of criminal victimization, and criminal justice responses in differing societies.
Covering Europe, Australia and New Zealand, South Africa, Brazil, Canada, and the United States, and drawing on an international line-up of scholars, this book examines the similarities and differences of race, crime and criminal justice in international perspective.