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Citation Styles

A guide to some of the citation styles

Chicago and Turabian Guides at Waterfield Library

Additional Chicago Resources

This page is currently under revision. In the meantime use the links below for additional assistance. 

What is Chicago Notes and Bibliography Style?

Chicago is a documentation style that has been published by the Chicago University Press since 1906.The Notes and Bibliography style is preferred by many in humanities disciplines, including history, literature, and the arts. Citations are provided in footnotes or endnotes and are usually accompanied by a bibliography.

"Turabian" style, widely used for decades by researchers, is essentially a simplified version of the Chicago Manual.

This page provides examples of notes and bibliography entries (Chicago Manual, 16th edition, and Turabian Manual, 8th edition), as well as links to other sources and examples. 

Citing Common Sources in Turabian/Chicago

Note: ## stands in for footnote number and XX stands in for page number(s) cited. There is a template for both notes (N) and bibliographies (B)

Single Author

N: 

##. Author's First and Last names, Title of Book: Subtitle of Book (Place of Publication: Publisher's Name, Date of Publication)XX.

B: 

Author's Last Name, Author's First Name. Title of Book: Subtitle of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher's Name, Date of Publication. 

Two Authors

N: 

##. Author 1's First and Last names and Author 2's First and Last Names, Title of Book: Subtitle of Book (Place of Publication: Publisher's Name, Date of Publication)XX.

B: 

Author 1's Last Name, Author 1's First Name, and Author 2's First and Last Name. Title of Book: Subtitle of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher's Name, Date of Publication. 

Three Authors

N:

##. Author 1's First and Last names, Author 2's First and Last Name, and Author 3's First and Last Name, Title of Book: Subtitle of Book (Place of Publication: Publisher's Name, Date of Publication)XX.

B: 

Author 1's Last Name, Author 1's First Name, Author 2's First and Last Name, and Author 3's First and Last Name. Title of Book: Subtitle of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher's Name, Date of Publication. 

Author plus Editor or Translator

N: 

##. Author's First and Last names, Title of Book: Subtitle of Book, ed. Editor's First and Last Names (Place of Publication: Publisher's Name, Date of Publication)XX.

B: 

Author's Last Name, Author's First Name. Title of Book: Subtitle of Book. Edited by Editor's First and Last Names. Place of Publication: Publisher's Name, Date of Publication. 

Single Chapter in an Edited Book

N:

Chapter Author's First and Last name, "Title of Chapter: Subtitle of Chapter," in Title of Book: Subtitle of Book, ed. Editor's First and Last Names, (Place of Publication: Publisher's Name, Date of Publication), XX. 

B:

Chapter Author's Last Name, Chapter Author's First Name. "Title of Chapter: Subtitle of Chapter." In Title of Book: Subtitle of Book. Edited by Editor's First and Last Names, XX-XX. Place of Publication: Publisher's Name, Date of Publication. 

Note: ## stands in for footnote number and XX stands in for page number(s) cited. There is a template for both notes (N) and bibliographies (B)

Journal Article - Basic Format

N:

##. Author's First and Last Names, "Title of Article: Subtitle of Article," Title of Journal Volume Number, Issue Number (Date of Publication): XX. 

B: 

Author's Last Name, Author's First Name. "Title of Article: Subtitle of Article." Title of Journal Volume Number, Issue Number (Date of Publication): XX-XX. 

Journal Article found Online

N:

##. Author's First and Last Names, "Title of Article: Subtitle of Article," Title of Journal Volume Number, Issue Number (Date of Publication): XX, URL/DOI.

B: 

Author's Last Name, Author's First Name. "Title of Article: Subtitle of Article." Title of Journal Volume Number, Issue Number (Date of Publication): XX-XX. URL/DOI.