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Citation Styles

A guide to some of the citation styles

Citing Web Sources in APA

General Format

Organization or Author, A.A. (date). Page Title. Retrieved from url. 

Individual Author 

Cain, K. (2012, June 29). The Negative effects of Facebook on communication. Social Media Today RSS. http://socialmediatoday.com

Group Author 

American Kennel Club. (2019, May 19). Are they playing or fighting? A guide to evaluating rough pup play. https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/training/are-they-playing-or-fighting/

Frequently Updated Pages

U.S. Census Bureau. (n.d.) US. and world population clock. U.S. Department of Commerce. Retrieved January 4, 2020, from https://www.census.gov/popclock/

Blog Post

Griffiths, M.D. (2020, January 7). Addictive sounds: Another look at music as an addiction. Psychology Today. https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/in-excess/202001/addictive-sounds

Comment on an online post

Lastname, A. OR Username. (year, Month day). Comment title OR up to the first 20 words of comment.[Comment on the post "Title of blog post"]. Title of Blog. Direct URL to blog post if possible

Smith, T. (2010, November 24). Thanks very much! This is very helpful. Could you also provide a few more online citation and reference tips?.  [Comment on the post "How to Cite Something You Found on a Website in APA Style"]. http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/11/how-to-cite-something-you-found-on-a-website-in-apa-style.html

Name [username]. (date). Title or caption. [Media Type]. URL 

Instagram

APA Style [@officialapastyle]. (2018, December 5). Welcome to the official Instagram for #APAStyle! We’re here to help you with your APA Style questions [Instagram photograph]. https://www.instagram.com/p/Bq-A-dvBLiH/

APA Style [@officialapastyle]. (n.d.). Posts [Instagram profile]. Retrieved December 10, 2018, https://www.instagram.com/officialapastyle

Twitter

Reuters Top News [Reuters]. (2016, November 1). Inside David Bowie's art collection [Twitter moment]. https://twitter.com/i/moments/793575609028915200

Facebook

Gaiman, N. [Neil]. (2012, February 29). Please celebrate Leap Year Day in the traditional manner by taking a writer out for dinner. It’s been four years since many authors had a good dinner. We are waiting. Many of us have our forks or chopsticks at the [Facebook status update]. https://www.facebook.com/neilgaiman/posts/10150574185041016

General Format

Author, A. A. [Screen name]. (year, month day). Title of video [Video file]. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxx

With Creators Name

Cicierega, N. (2007, March 23) Potter Puppet Pals: The mysterious ticking noise.[Video file]. https://youtu.be/Tx1XIm6q4r4

Ballinger, C. [Miranda Sings]. (2019 April 16) Reacting to Billie Eilish. [Video file] https://youtu.be/0gHsT4r0jn0

Screen Name Only

[NFL]. (2020, February 2). Shakira & J. Lo's full Pepsi Super Bowl LIV halftime show.[Video File]. https://youtu.be/pILCn6VO_RU

Video Channel

 

Citing Audio-Visual Materials in APA

General Format 

Producer, P. P. (Producer), & Director, D. D. (Director). (Date of publication). Title of motion picture [Motion picture]. Country of origin: Studio.

DVD of a Film

Del Vecho, P. (Producer), & Buck, C. (Director). (2013). Frozen [DVD]. United States: Walt Disney Pictures

Film Streaming

Clark, D., Morgan, C., & Townsend C. (Producers), & Bier, S.(Director). (2018). Bird Box [Video file]. Netflix. Retrieved from http://www.netflix.com

Foreign Language

Del Toro, G. (Director). (2006). El laberinto del fauno [Pan’s labyrinth]. Warner Bros. Pictures.

General Format

Executive Producer, P. P. (Executive Producer). (Date range of release). Title of broadcast [TV series]. Production company(s).

TV Series

Favreau, J., Filoni, D., Kennedy, K., & Wilson, C. (Executive Producers). (2019-present) The mandalorian. [TV series]. Lucasfilm; Disney +.

An episode of a Series

Sikowitz, M. (Writer), Astrof, J. (Writer) & Lembeck, M. (Director). (1996, Jan 28).The one after the Superbowl: Part 1(Season 2, Episode 13) [TV Series Episode]. In D. Crane, M. Kauffman & K. S. Bright (Executive Producers), Friends. Bright/Kauffman/Crane Productions; Warner Bros. Television

General Format

Composer, C.C. (Year). Title of song. On Title of album. Label. 

Musical Album

Swift, T. (2012). Red [Album]. Big Machine. 

Single Song or Track

Queen. (1975) Bohemian Rhapsody [Song]. On A Night at the Opera. EMI; Elektra. 

Podcast

Koenig, S. (Host). (2014-present). Serial [Audio Podcast]. WBEZ. https://serialpodcast.org/

Speech Recording

King, M.L., Jr. (1963, August 28). I have a dream [Speech audio recording]. American Rhetoric.  https://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/mlkihaveadream.htm

General Format

Artist, A.A. (year) Title of Work [Medium]. Location. URL

Artwork in a Museum 

Da Vinci, L. (1503-1519). Mona Lisa [Painting]. Paris, France: The Louvre. Paris, France.

Photograph

McCurry, S. (1985). Afghan girl [Photograph]. National Geographic. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/magazine/national-geographic-magazine-50-years-of-covers/#/ngm-1985-jun-714.jpg