In-text citations in APA follow Author-Date format. The in-text citation requires only the author(s) last name(s) and the year. Page numbers are required for direct quotes.
For Paraphrasing: make reference to the author and year of publication, using author-date format.
For Direct Quotes: include the author, year of publication, and the page number. Introduce the quotation with a signal phrase that includes the author's last name followed by the date of publication in parentheses.
All sources that are cited in the text must appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.
Direct quotes are used when you are repeating another's words verbatim (word for word). You should always use quotation marks before and after the quoted phrases.
As a rule of thumb, be stingy in your use of direct quotations, paraphrase whenever possible.
Direct quotes should always include the author's last name. year of publication and the page number. To protect the flow of your paper, introduce the author's name using signal verbs before the quote.
Jones (2018) argued that "..." (p. 56).
She concludes, "..." (Smith, 2015, pp. 10–12).
Roberts and James (2016) seem to agree with this point “writers should always…” (p. 364), suggesting that ....
Quotes longer than 40 words should be introduced then start with the quote on a new line 1/2 inch from the left margin Don’t use quotation marks. Insert the exact page number, in brackets, after the full stop at the end of the quote.
In 2008, Jamison found the following:
Many young people can be encouraged to study more by
introducing specific incentives including . . . providing caffeine. (pp. 263–264)
Quotes with misspelled or misused terms
Insert [sic] after the misspelled word (in brackets, italicized).
"Nausea was reported even when reel [sic] drugs were administered" (Marks, 1998).
Indicating a correction
“They are studying, from an evolutionary perspective, to what extent [children’s] play is a luxury that can be dispensed with when there are too many other competing claims on the growing brain…”
Indicating omitted words
Use the three ellipsis points (…) to indicate that you have omitted material from the original quote. Do not omit words from the beginning or the end of the quotation to avoid any misinterpretation.
(Note: in your Bibliography, only the first word of a title will be capitalized: i.e. Writing new media.)