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Citation Styles

A guide to some of the citation styles

Citing Web Sources in APA 6th

General Format

Last Name, Initials. (Year, Month Day). Title of website: Subtitle of website. Retrieved from http://xxx.xx

With Author or Editor

Last Name, Initials. (Year, Month Day). Title of website: Subtitle of website. Retrieved from http://xxx.xx

Organization as Author

American Medical Association. (2018). AMA. Retrieved from

General Format

Name [username]. (date). Title or caption. [Media Type]. Retrieved from url. 


APA Style [@officialapastyle]. (2018, December 5). Welcome to the official Instagram for #APAStyle! We’re here to help you with your APA Style questions [Instagram photograph]. Retrieved from

APA Style [@officialapastyle]. (n.d.). Posts [Instagram profile]. Retrieved December 10, 2018, from


Reuters Top News [Reuters]. (2016, November 1). Inside David Bowie's art collection [Twitter moment]. Retrieved from


Gaiman, N. [Neil]. (2012, February 29). Please celebrate Leap Year Day in the traditional manner by taking a writer out for dinner. It’s been four years since many authors had a good dinner. We are waiting. Many of us have our forks or chopsticks at the [Facebook status update]. Retrieved from

Citing Audio-Visual Materials in APA 6th

General Format 

Producer, P. P. (Producer), & Director, D. D. (Director). (Date of publication). Title of motion picture [Motion picture]. Country of origin: Studio.

DVD of a Film

Del Vecho, P. (Producer), & Buck, C. (Director). (2013). Frozen [DVD]. United States: Walt Disney Pictures

Film Streaming

Clark, D., Morgan, C., & Townsend C. (Producers), & Bier, S.(Director). (2018). Bird Box [Video file]. Netflix. Retrieved from

General Format 

Writer’s Last Name, Initials (Writer), & Director's Last Name, Initials (Director). (Year). Title of episode [Television series episode]. In Producer's Initials Last Name (Producer), Television series. Location: Broadcasting Company.

Single Episode 

The men tell all. [Television series episode]. (2017, July 31). In B. S. Graebner (Executive producer), The bachelorette.. Burbank, CA: ABC.

General Format 

Songwriter, W. W. (Date of copyright). Title of song [Recorded by artist if different from song writer]. On Title of album [Medium of recording]. Location: Label. (Recording date if different from copyright date).

Radio Broadcast 

Simon, S. (Writer). (2017, August 26). Jerry Lewis was many things, but he was not a fool [Radio broadcast]. In C. Benderev, P. Breslow, O. Dearden, S. Handel, R. Koenig, S.L. Oliver, ...N. Wharton (Producers),Weekend Edition Saturday. Washington, DC: Northeast Public Radio.

Sound Recording

Lennon, J. & McCartney, P. (1965). In my life. On Rubber soul [Audio CD]. London, UK: EMI Studios.

APA 6th edition does not provide specific guidelines for citing works of art. 

If you need to cite a photograph, painting or other work of art follow the general guidelines for citation.

General Format: 

Artist, A. (yyyy). Title [Medium]. Location: Instillation or URL


DaVinci, L. (1503). Mona Lisa [Painting]. Paris, France: The Louve